Research

A person sitting at a laptop applying for jobs.
By Tiffani Williams, Elizabeth Bogue Simpson
Worker Voices participants described their persistence in taking steps to improve their employment outcomes. They pursued skill-building opportunities and were more willing to leave lower-quality jobs, sometimes to pursue self-employment instead. However, their efforts were met with mixed results.
Carpenter sanding wood
By Sergio Galeano, John Rees, Elizabeth Bogue Simpson
Worker Voices participants described the challenges facing individuals without a four-year degree as they navigated the job market during a global pandemic. Common barriers to work included an evolving labor market, individual attributes, work-family conflicts, and concerns regarding individual well-being.
Worker voices special brief on job quality
By Theresa Dunne, Keith Wardrip
For Worker Voices participants, a quality job checks five boxes. Workers with a quality job are adequately compensated, treated well, secure in their position, given flexibility around hours and location, and engaged with the work.
Worker Voices
By Sarah Miller, Merissa Piazza, Ashley Putnam, Kristen Broady
Worker Voices provides a unique view into how job seekers and workers in lower-wage roles navigated the labor market at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and through recovery—and how it changed what they expect from a job.
Worker Voices
By Sarah Miller, Merissa Piazza, Ashley Putnam, Kristen Broady
The Federal Reserve held focus groups with workers and job seekers with less than a bachelor’s degree, seeking to understand their perspectives and expectations on employment. Here’s what we heard.
Worker Voices
By Sarah Miller, Merissa Piazza, Ashley Putnam, Kristen Broady
How did workers in lower-wage jobs experience employment during the pandemic? The Federal Reserve held focus groups with workers and job seekers aged 20–55 years with less than a bachelor’s degree to find out.
Worker Voices
By Sarah Miller, Merissa Piazza, Ashley Putnam, Kristen Broady
Have questions about Worker Voices? Get to know the methodology, coding approach, community-based participatory research principles employed, and limitations; statistics on participant demographics; and the facilitation guide questions used.
Worker Voices
By Sarah Miller, Merissa Piazza, Ashley Putnam, Kristen Broady
We are grateful for everyone who contributed to Worker Voices. Thank you.
Opportunity Occupations Revisited
By Fed Communities Staff
Get insights about opportunity occupations, jobs that pay a good wage without requiring a four-year college degree, in 121 metro areas.